23. Military ranks in the world are a system of hierarchical relationships in armed forces, police, intelligence agencies or other institutions organized along military lines. an ancient city that was the capital of the ancient Persian Empire, A complex of palaces, reception halls, and treasury buildings erected by the Persian kings Darius I and Xerxes in the Persian homelan (119) But although we are called the ‘Hoplite’ Association, we focus on all military activities within the Greek sphere of influence from 490 to 430 BC, the period spanning the Persian to the Peloponnesian wars. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. lit′ic adj. From Ancient Greek ὁπλίτης (hoplitēs, “heavily armed foot-soldier”), from ὅπλον (hoplon, “arms, armor, weapon”) (from which English hopl-). PLAY. It was a large concave piece of wood, rested on the left shoulder, and str… The hoplite was the heavy armed citizen soldier of the classical Greek city states, derived from the word ‘hoplon’, meaning arms. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. A horseman fully armed is thrusting his spear into the body of his fallen foe,—a hoplite. A hoplite's main weapon was his spear. The hoplites were soldiers from Ancient Greece who were usually free citizens. Write. ... phalanx. Terms in this set (23) untouchables. Britannica Explains In these videos, Britannica explains a variety of topics and answers frequently asked questions. Ancient History Encyclopedia. A hoplite (from ta hopla meaning tool or equipment) was the most common type of heavily armed foot-soldier in ancient Greece from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE, and most ordinary citizens of Greek city-states with sufficient means were expected to equip and make themselves available for the role when necessary. Kylix with Black-Figure Hoplitesby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). Cartwright, M. (2013, February 09). We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/hoplite/. Hoplites suggests the elites fought in the ranks and files. A hoplite (from ta hopla meaning tool or equipment) was the most common type of heavily armed foot-soldier in ancient Greece from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE, and most ordinary citizens of Greek city-states with sufficient means were expected to equip and make themselves available for the role when necessary. Choose from 500 different sets of definition world history chapter 5 sections greece flashcards on Quizlet. The pursuit of retreating hoplites was usually only over a short distance in order to maintain the protective close formation. Other city-states followed a si… Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 09 February 2013 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. He spoke and dashed Peisandros from his chariot to the earth, smiting him with his spear upon the breast, and he lay supine upon the ground. Dictionary.com Unabridged Hoplites at War: A Comprehensive Analysis of Heavy Infantry Combat in... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. This is Sparta: Fierce warriors of the ancient world - Craig Zimmer, Hoplites become increasingly lighter-armoured, as new, Athenian and Corinthian hoplites fight a street, A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the, Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near, Men of Bronze: Hoplite Warfare in Ancient Greece, Athenian Hoplite vs Spartan Hoplite: Peloponnesian War 431–404 BC. The cavalry had to be wealthier than the infantry because just the horse was expensive, never mind the arms and armor. Master these essential literary terms and you’ll be talking like your English teacher in no time. The Greek phalanx advanced at a walk or faster, often accompanied by rhythmic music from aulos players, and shouting a tremendous war-cry (paean). The most famous of these was the Sacred Band of Thebes, a unit composed of 150 pairs of male lovers who swore to defend their partner to the death. What’s The Difference Between “Yule” And “Christmas”? The military rank system defines dominance, authority, and responsibility in a military hierarchy. Hoplites were organised into regiments or lokhoi (several hundred men strong), and they fought in ranks eight or more men deep (known as a phalanx), and standing close together, half of the shield of one man protected his neighbour on his left side. Hoplite definition, a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece. The sword was also of iron with a straight or sometimes curved blade (machaira or kopis) no more than 60 cm in length. The hoplites were primarily represented by free citizens – propertied farmers and artisans – who were able to afford a linen armour or a bronze armoursu… This resulted in the left flank usually breaking formation first, and so this was the flank a competent commander would attack with priority, and he would, therefore, ensure he had his best troops on his own right flank. Fully armoured then, the hoplite was required to carry some 20 kg of equipment and so good physical training must have given one side a strong advantage (e.g. Ephor definition is - one of five ancient Spartan magistrates having power over the king. We Asked, You Answered. killing of infants. Compare Latin hoplomachus (“gladiator”). The inside was a thick wood and the outsides were made of bronze. After that initial contact, the opposing lines usually went through a series of pushing and shoving (othismos) and close-quarter fighting with swords which only ended when one side broke ranks. 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