After defeating Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex upon a hill top at Rohtas, to prevent Humayun’s return. Most noteworthy are the sophistication and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. The Fort at Rohtas, near the modern town of Jhelum in northern Pakistan, is one of the largest and most formidable forts in the Indian sub continent, yet it is one of the least widely known. There is strict control over any form of building or alteration in and around the village (there is an internal buffer zone around the village). They had helped Humayun and his family to escape from India after the battle of Kanauj. The locals call it the Hanging House, as the fall from here is a straight 1500 ft down with no obstacles on the way. 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The Aina Mahal, the palace of the chief wife of Man Singh, is in the middle of the palace. Due to its location, massive walls, trap gates and 3 Baolis (stepped wells) it could withstand a major siege although it was never besieged.Most of the fort was built with ashlar stones collected from its surrounding villages such as Tarraki village. Rohtasgarh Fort was inaccessible and also was a place to look after Bengal and Bihar easily. It was never taken by storm and has survived intact to the present day. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. The third floor has a tiny cupola, which opens into the women' quarters. The Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking the point where the Kahan River meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas, in the Tilla Jogian Range. However, the legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of this area, and no pre-7th century ruins have been found at the site. Raja Todar Mal built the fortress on the orders of Sher Shah Suri. The members of this dynasty ruled the Japila territory as feudatories, possibly that of the Gahadavalas. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. Het werd nooit verwoest door een bestorming en is daardoor tot op heden ongeschonden gebleven. [1], The oldest record at Rohtas is a short inscription of "Mahasamanta Shashanka-dava", whom John Faithfull Fleet identified with the Gauda king Shashanka. It is said that he was thrown from here into the valley three times. The Mughal Emperor, Humayun, had fled from India along with his family, when Sher Shah Suri took over the empire. Goddard left, keeping some guards in charge of the fort, but they too left after a year. Finally the Diwan of Rohtas, Shahmal handed it over to the British Captain Goddard. But the later ones contained fierce Afghan soldiers, who captured Rohtas and forced the Hindu king to flee. Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. In 1558 AD, Raja Man Singh, Akbar's Hindu General, ruled Rohtas. It was also meant to subdue the rebellious Gakhars’. Rohtas was een strategische locatie in het noorden van wat nu Pakistan is. ; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of Sher Shah Suri. The residential quarters of Man Singh were on the first floor, which was connected to the ladies' rooms via a gateway in the east. Sher Shah Suri built a strong equipped complex at the North West of city Jehlum (now the part of Pakistan), after the defeat of Mughal Emperor Humayun. More Contacts Site Map Become a member Donate Now! It is a four-storied building, with a cupola on top. A dilapidated gate with a cupola can be seen there, which is the first of many gates provided for well-guarded entrances to the fort. It took eight years to built the fort, it was captured by Mughal emperor Humayun in 1555. Later, the Fort was served as the capital of the Gakhar Tribes. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‬‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 and 1548 in order to help subdue the Rohtas Fort, (Qila Rohtas) is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia, for it was built essentially for military purposes. Within the boundaries of the property are located all the elements and components necessary to express the Outstanding Universal Value of the property, including its massive defensive walls, monumental gateways, irregularly spaced semi-circular bastions, and, within the enclosure, the cross wall that defines the inner citadel, the baolis (stepped wells), the Haveli Man Singh, and the Shahi Masjid mosque. Rohtas Fort, built in the 16th century at a strategic site in the north of Pakistan, Province of Punjab, is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in central and south Asia. The fort was built to control the aggressive local people, the GHAKKARS, and as a safety measure against the return of Humayun. Основные укрепления состоят из массивных стен протяженностью более 4 км, бастионов и монументальных ворот. Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort built by king Farid Khan (Sher Shah Suri), located near the city of Jhelum Pakistan to subdue the warrior tribes of North Punjab. They were extremely loyal to Humayun. Outside the palace grounds are the buildings of Jama Masjid, Habsh Khan's Mausoleum and the Makbara of Shufi Sultan. Поскольку этот форт никому не удалось взять штурмом, он сохранился до настоящего времени неповрежденным. The hill on which the fort is situated has the height of 1500m. The Gakhars were not native of the region. Sher Shah Suri laid foundation for this Fort in 1542,and after approximately 8 years the construction was completed in 1550 in the reigm of Saleem Shah Suri successor of Sher Shah Suri. However, the legends about Rohitāśva make no mention of this area, and no pre-7th century ruins have been found at the site. The sanctum of the temple faces two porch-ways. About a mile to the North-East of the Palace are the ruins of two temples. Rohtas Fort is one of the finest specimens of pre-Mughal military architecture. There is an assembly hall in the second floor and a gallery resting on strong, engraved stone pillars. [3], A 1223 CE (1279 VS) inscription suggests that Rohtasgarh was in possession of one Shri Pratapa. Форт Рохтас, иногда называемый Кила-Рохтас, является редким примером ранней мусульманской военной архитектуры в Центральной и Южной Азии. One of the reasons why Suri had the fort built was to suppress Potohar, the local tribes of the area. There were many encounters with the British where the latter were at a disadvantage, for the jungles and the tribal in them were of great help to the Indian soldiers. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Sher Shah Suri knows the importance of the strategic location of Fort, to stop Mughal Emperor and Gakhar tribes. Rohtas Fort is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. The garrison complex was in continuous use until 1707, and then reoccupied under the Durrani and Sikh rulers of the 18th and 19th centuries respectively. From here one has to walk another mile or so before the ruins of Rohtas can be seen. One is the Rohtasan, a temple of Lord Shiva. It is approximately About half a kilometer to the west of Man Singh's Palace is a Ganesh temple. A village grew within the walls, and exists day. Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi/Islamabad. Rohtas Fort is built near Dina town on the GT road and is located at the confluence of Kahan River and Parnal Kass stream. WebGL must be enable, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, World Heritage Committee Inscribes 46 New Sites on World Heritage List, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). It was originally built to crush … The limited restoration that has been carried out has been minimal and discreet, avoiding the use of inappropriate modern materials. Tras derrotar al emperador mogol Humayun, en 1541, Sher Sha Suri ordenó construir un conjunto de fortificaciones en Rothas, un lugar estratégico situado en el norte del actual territorio de Pakistán. Het fort is een mijlpaal in de geschiedenis van de bouw van forten. Locals have a story to tell about this place that this spot is the mouth of a cave, where a Muslim fakir (mendicant) is buried. Sher Shah Suri bouwde na zijn nederlaag tegen de Mogol keizer Humayun in 1541 een sterke vestingstad in Rohtas. Ultimately he was buried in the cave. Op onregelmatige afstand zijn in de muren 68 halfronde bastions gebouwd en er zitten 12 monumentale poorten in. He made improvements in the fort and built a palace for himself. Rohtas Fort, is near the city of Jhelum city in the Pakistani province Punjab. Rohtas Fort is unique: there are no surviving examples on the subcontinent of military architecture of this period on the same scale and with the same degree of completeness and preservation. Rohtas Fort (Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس ‎,Qila Rohtas) is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. Rohtas Fort is a protected antiquity in terms of the Antiquities Act, 1975, passed by the Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. However, Humayun still posed a threat to Suri. But he was not able to hide at the fort. The beautiful stucco style, with the cupola resting on pillars reminds of the Rajputana style where the domed structures are known as chhatris. © UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992-2020 Road one kilometer past Dina. The hall is decorated with etchings of flowers and leaves, and lies on similarly decorated pillars. Sher Shah Suri named Qila Rohtas after the famous Rohtasgarh Fort in Shahabad district near Baharkunda, Bihar which he captured from the Raja of Rohtas Hari Krishan Rai in 1539. One can also easily reach Rohtas fort via Rasoolpur. According to the local legends, the Rohtas hill was named after the Rohitāśva, a son of the legendary king Harishchandra. Criterion (ii): Rohtas Fort blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian subcontinent to create the model for Mughal architecture and its subsequent refinements and adaptations. [5] F. Kielhorn identified Shri Pratapa (Śrī-Pratāpa) as a member of the Khayaravala dynasty, whose inscriptions have been found at other locations in the Rohtas district. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India.it is symbol of kushwaha/kushwanshi dynasty. Baba Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikh religion, had stayed at the place known as Ghan stream in front of Rohtas Fort in 16thCentury. Haibat Khan, a trustworthy soldier of Sher Shah built the Jami Masjid in 1543 AD, which lies to the west of the fort. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful combination of Pashtun and Hindu architecture in the Indian Subcontinent. Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. The fort is situated at about 1500 feet above sea level. It was built by Harish Chandra of the Solar dynasty and was named after his son Rohitasva after whom the fort (Rohtasgarh) was named. The palace was constructed in a north-south axis, with its entrance to the west with barracks for soldiers in front. The fortification wall is nevertheless vulnerable to rainwater flooding and choking the original drainage system. Sher Sha Suri, founder of the Suri dynasty, commenced construction of Rohtas Fort (also called Qila Rohtas) in 1541. The main fortifications of this 70-hectare garrison consist of massive masonry walls more than four kilometres in circumference, lined with 68 bastions and pierced at strategic points by 12 monumental gateways. The Fort is 8 km away to the right from this turn. In 1539 CE, the Fort of Rohtas passed out of the hands of the Hindu kings into those of Sher Shah Suri. The road to Rohtas forks off G.T. The buffer zone around the perimeter wall of the fort varies between 750 m and 1500 m in breadth and provides excellent protection for the setting and integrity of the monument. An assembly hall, probably the Diwan-e-Khas or the hall or private audience is a little towards the west of Baradari or the hall of public audience. During his two-month stay at the fort, the Captain destroyed the storeroom and many of the fortifications. It is made of white sandstone and comprises three domes. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. De belangrijkste vestingwerken bestaan uit massieve muren, die meer dan vier kilometer lang zijn. Rohtas Fort was built by:? A blend of architectural and artistic traditions from elsewhere in the Islamic world, the fort had a profound influence on the development of architectural style in the Mughal Empire. Sher Shah requested the ruler of Rohtas that he wanted to leave his women, children and treasure in the safety of the fort, while he was away fighting in Bengal. During the Sher Shah's reign 10000-armed men guarded the fort. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, to subdue the rebellious tribes of the northern Punjab region, in the 16th century. It is spread in 42Sqkm. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. Web Browser not supported for ESRI ArcGIS API version 4.10. The 2000 odd limestone steps were probably meant for elephants. So being the governor of those places, Man Singh made the fort his headquarters. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 24° 57′ N, 84° 2′E. From the fourth floor one can get a bird's eye view of the surrounding area. The guardian of the fort, Saiyyad Mubarak handed over the keys of Rohtas to the prince. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, undefined; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of Sher Shah Suri between 2516 and 2518.wikipediawikipedia A steering committee created in 2003 oversees the conservation and development work. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rohtas Fort. После поражения от могольского императора Хумаюна в 1541 г. Шер-Шах-Сури построил мощный оборонительный комплекс в Рохтасе – стратегически важном месте, расположенном на севере современного Пакистана. Completing, approving, and fully implementing the master conservation plan prepared under the Rohtas Fort Conservation Programme and establishing a regular monitoring regime, among other activities, would conform to international standards of conservation. The physical fabric of most of these elements and components is in a reasonable state of conservation. The early history of Rohtas is obscure. Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. This style had not been used in Bengal and Bihar earlier but its emergence at Rohtas was not surprising as more than half the fort's guardians came from Rajputana. During Aurangzeb's reign the fort was used as a detention camp for those under trial and housing prisoners sentenced for life. It is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. Rohtas fort was built basically for military purposes in 1541-43. Rohtas Fort represented a new form of fortification, based essentially on Turkish military architecture developed in reaction to the introduction of gunpowder and cannon, but transformed into a distinct style of its own. The most expansive structure within the palace is, however, the Takhte Badshahi, where Man Singh himself resided. The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. Este fuerte, llamado Qila Rohtas, nunca fue conquistado y permaneció intacto hasta nuestros días. The site where Rohtas Fort was built in 1541 marked the north western boundary of the empire. For the visitor, they are exhausting climb of an hour and a half. The Rohtas fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor Humayun was ousted by the former. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Rohtas Fort (Qila Rohtas) was built in the 16th century by Sher Shah Suri and is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. Rohtas Fort Following his defeat of the Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex at Rohtas, a strategic site in the north of what is now Pakistan. Sher Shah Suri had just lost the Fort at Chunar in a fight with the Mughal emperor Humayun and was desperate to gain a foothold for himself. Tourists have to climb the stairs to reach the gate of the fort which is very exhausting. The perimeter is over 5km long but it was built in only 20 years and was then abandoned. La fortificación principal es una muralla de más de cuatro kilómetros de perímetro dotada de bastiones y puertas monumentales. The Rohtas Fort Conservation Programme was initiated by the Archaeology and Museums department and the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation in 2000 to help protect the fort and develop it as a heritage site conforming to international standards of conservation and tourism. Rohtas Fort is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. Yet why was Rohtas Fort built with such magnificence and why was it then deserted? Qila Rohtas is a garrison fort and could hold a force of up to 30,000 men. There was peace at the fort for the next 100 years or so, which was at last broken at the time of the First War of Independence in 1857. Finally, after a long drawn out military blockade and many clashes, the British overcame the Indians. [citation needed]It has 83 gates and network of many underground place and tunnels. As the Governor of Bengal and Bihar, he made Rohtas his headquarters in view of its inaccessibility and other natural defenses. The fort lies on the historic GT road between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab. In local language it is also said "Chourasan Siddhi" because of its 84 steps. According to the local legends, the Rohtas hill was named after the Rohitāśva, a son of the legendary king Harishchandra. It can be reached easily from the Dehri town, which has very good road network. In 1621 AD, the Prince Khurram revolted against his father Jahangir and took refuge at Rohtas. After the death of Man Singh, the fort came under the jurisdiction of the office of the Emperor's wazir from where the governors were appointed. The idol of the deity is missing from here also, though the rest of the building is in good condition. In or… Why the Fort was built? The fortification wall, however, has collapsed at some places, and the monument is threatened by encroachment, which has disturbed the original drainage system of the fort. Khurram once again came to Rohtas for safety when he tried to win Avadh, but lost the battle of Kampat. He built a splendid palace for himself, renovated the rest of the fort, cleared up the ponds and made gardens in Persian style. Rohtasgarh is situated on the upper course of the river Son, 20 37’ N and 85 33’E. The Khayaravalas are probably represented by the modern Kharwars.[6][3]. The Directorate General of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Punjab, is responsible for the management and protection of Rohtas Fort. Other websites. At the end of the climb, one reaches the boundary wall of the fort. It is one of the largest fort in world. The land inside the fortification wall occupied by the modem village is also Government-owned, and is administered by the Directorate General of Archaeology and Museums. Irregular in plan, this early example of Muslim military architecture follows the contours of its hilltop site. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pashtun and Hindu architecture in the Indian Subcontinent. Criterion (iv): Rohtas Fort is an exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of central and south Asia during the 16th century. Amar Singh, the brother of Kunwar Singh, together with his companions took refuge here. Rohtas Fort Pakistan History. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. You have to travel on G.T. The fort is still in a fairly good condition. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Este fuerte constituye un ejemplo excepcional de la antigua arquitectura militar musulmana en esta región de Asia. 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