This article shares research-based strategies for science vocabulary instruction that are effective for all students, including English language learners. Learn more about the differences between teaching young learners and adults. In order to build vocabulary, it’s a good idea to not only use the words from your chosen vocabulary list but to also incorporate their synonyms and antonyms. Before doing an activity, teaching content, or reading a story in class, pre-teaching vocabulary is always helpful, especially for ELLs. Now let’s take a closer look at some fantastic vocabulary teaching methods. (The repetition of phrases within the same question helps students commit these to memory). Any lesson can become a vocabulary lesson. So, don’t settle for just any old method. I limit myself to no more than five words per chapter sinceresearch has shown that students acquire new vocabulary faster if teachers focus in on five to ten words a week instead of overwhelming students with lengthy lists. The classroom should be nowhere near quiet during this activity. Building a strong vocabulary takes time and effort. So, let them do both with an out-loud activity that will boost their confidence, communication and comprehension. Nonetheless, it is an essential part of learning to read, whether one is reading in one’s native language or in a second language. 2. In order to warm your class up a bit, recap the words you’ll be building clusters for. Ask the student what each item on the tray is. In other words, don’t teach new words in a vacuum. Before you embark on teaching a course in Business English, you must have a firm idea of what you are going to teach and how you are going to teach. Make a few flashcards yourself. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. But how do we achieve this goal without making students memorize lists of ESL vocabulary that will be forgotten after the next pop quiz? The chosen subject will put everything else in place. Words come with example sentences and definitions. Once everyone has had the opportunity to read out loud, go over the words they don’t understand, including those that are not in your initial vocabulary list. Look for every opportunity to review what you’ve taught from one lesson to the next, and engage your students by focusing on topics that interest them the most. 1. Alternative ways of teaching vocabulary . This will give them the chance to identify words and then be able to place them in context and remember them. Pick a new vocabulary word and cut out pics from magazines that represent it. On FluentU, all the videos are sorted by skill level and are carefully annotated for students. You can build plenty of vocabulary using the Olympics as your subject. Six Key STRATEGIES for Teachers of English Learners Strategy #1 Vocabulary & Language Development Content knowledge: • Introduce new concepts via essential academic vocabulary. With games, activity modules and both pre-made and customizable word lists, you can easily create an engaging vocab learning experience for students at any English learning level. (It’s a good idea to have two or three words that students already know, as this gives them familiar ground to stand on). Each student will explain their new word, definition and the photos they chose for that specific word. You’ll be instructing students around the classroom, making the two-method combination an exceptional way to build ESL skills, English response time and language use confidence. But with effective strategies, students can leave our classroom with an enriched vocabulary bank every day! In preparation for my lessons, I scan the chapters we'll be reading together as a class to identify words that might slow down student comprehension of the text. You want to create a contextual experience (an interesting story, a series of images, a dialogue) that leaves a deep impression so when the time comes for your class to recall a particular list of words, they’ll be able to access these words with little trouble. Looking for some extra help? Enhance all your vocabulary lessons by building the four major language skills—speaking, listening, reading and writing—at the same time. Put the following sentences on the board. Pretest. This is what makes teaching vocabulary so wonderful. Hopefully you have some of this stuff lying around already. This lesson is for teaching vocabulary to Pre K ELL students. Find a subject first. When it comes to deciding what word meanings and chunks young learners should know at primary and secondary level, most teachers are guided by the coursebooks they use or by external exams their students are preparing to take. This will give them the chance to identify words and then be able to place them in context and remember them. I want you to know that this post contains affiliate links. ESL readings are of great value because they expose students to vocabulary they might not encounter in their day-to-day lives, but that is useful, nonetheless. First, present the new words to your students in a fun way to set the mood for the rest of the lesson. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. As you go through the list, ask your students if any of them know the meaning of each word. Creating a course outline and a guide for teaching ESL business vocabulary are crucial first steps. This game encourages students to listen and think about what they’ve heard and use their memory to search out the correct answers. They’ll bop around the room with excitement, not even realizing how much they’re learning and comprehending as they go. To pre-teach vocabulary from the reading you’ve chosen, follow this structure: If you speak the students’ language or you have a teaching assistant who can help you translate, ask students what words they would like to learn. 21 Activities for Teaching Vocabulary (this one) Ideas for English Language Learners; There’s even a great book for teaching vocabulary! As noted by education professor Vicki Jacobs in her eBook, Vocabulary: The Foundation of Literacy, researchers Bromley (2007) and Graves (2008) found that vocabulary knowledge accounts for much of a student’s verbal aptitude, and that a student’s verbal prowess is a strong predictor of K–12 academic achievement. What the Flip is a Flipped ESL Classroom? Let your ESL students blossom into confident English speakers using a volume of new words. In addition to the methods and suggested activities below, you can use SpellingClassroom to organize and enhance your vocabulary teaching. Have a little discussion and answer questions as needed before moving on. Prepare worksheets and ask your students to match words to definitions. The correct answers would be pants, shirt and so on. 21 Activities for Teaching Vocabulary (this one) Ideas for English Language Learners; There’s even a great book for teaching vocabulary! ESL instructional strategies are important in order for ESL students to be successful in the classroom. After using some of these 33 strategies and activities, don’t be surprised if you’re soon being harassed by other teachers who want to know your secrets! (Be sure not to use multiple choice questions or short answers, as these do not aid in the reinforcement of either writing or speaking in the target language.). The following is an example of how to use opposites that can be used with beginner-level students: Vocabulary: day/night, sun/moon, 0pen/closed, on/off. Ensure that you’re encouraging communication and collaboration between your students. The most valuable thing that you can do to increase your students’ vocabulary is to encourage them to read. Go ahead, flex your vocabulary teaching muscles. They allow students to think outside the box, put what they’ve learned to immediate use, create experiences with their classmates, and break away from lessons that could otherwise be tedious. Looking for an endless array of ESL videos to introduce your students to new vocabulary? Not to mention, it’s guaranteed to get your students excited about English! VIDEO: Vocabulary Paint Chips. In this video, students use paint chips as a fun and interesting medium to help them explore new vocabulary … Discover engaging online activities for teaching adult English learners by taking a Micro-credential course in Games and Activities for the Online Classroom – Adults. Vocabulary and Academic Achievement . Do you see the sun during the day, or at night? Find a weather broadcast from a news channel website or YouTube. You’ll start using the practical strategies in the list below (keep reading!) Hearing them use the new words you presented will allow you to make on-the-spot pronunciation fixes while still building momentum within an activity. Do you close your windows during the day, or at night? Then fill the words in as the students say them. As students call out the definitions they know, write these on the board, but leave a blank space next to those that are not known. This is because it is tough to convince students to talk, and even more challenging to let them share something when their vocabulary is limited. Once time is up, your pairs will present the words they have clustered. And it’s fun to get some improv acting going in any classroom, for you and your students. If ESL teachers want to help their students understand content-area texts, they need to aid classroom teachers in learning teaching strategies that help English learners (ELs) gain new content area vocabulary. The more exposures students have to a word, the better chance that they will remember it. 8 Strategies for Building Students’ Academic Language 1. Vocabulary teaching and learning is a constant challenge for teachers as well as students because historically there has been minimal focus on vocabulary instruction in the ESL classroom. Explore a classroom full of English Language Learners (ELL). Please check your email for further instructions. This game not only allows students to use their new words but forces them to ask each other questions and review the alphabet. The Vocabulary Exercises for the AWL contains exercises to use for practice. Give them time to discuss words and guess the meanings if they’re not sure. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. These are potato chips! 1. However, there are plenty of ways to make it a new and exciting activity. First, you’ll need to identify five to seven new words to present to your class. Students will be able to add them to their own vocabulary lists, and even see how the words are used in other videos. After all, why wouldn’t the same methodology work out for foreign language learners as well? 3. One approach in assessing students’ vocabulary development is through the use of For this sample activity, we’ll use the weather as the subject. Encouraging their overall linguistic growth and range of English experiences is what it’s all about. Of course, this is a classic teaching and learning method. While English learners generally have the greatest need to expand their vocabulary, many non-English language learners—especially those from low socioeconomic communities—also have a limited vocabulary bank, so they can benefit from these strategies as well. The effective teacher uses ell instructional strategies that are designed for deep implementation of vocabulary into her students’ consciousness. (They can also use their phones for keeping lists). “Think in terms of uncovering the subject—that is, making the ways of using language and the ways of thinking in the subject explicit to your students,” writes Pauline Gibbons, the author of three books in the field of English language education. 8 Strategies for Building Students’ Academic Language 1. Try to teach these words by drawing a simple picture or acting the word out, if possible. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. This could be a simple classroom discussion after you present the words again, or you can let the class watch the weather broadcast again and point out the new words. (Be sure to tell your students to not write anything in their notebooks just yet, as you want them to listen and participate during this part of the exercise). For example, you won’t simply have your students write the new words and their meanings on flashcards—boring! Remind students to underline words they have difficulty pronouncing or do not yet understand. You’ll want to present words to students with a complete story or a video clip that utilizes all of it. Popular Methods. First, compile a healthy stack of magazines. Realia is essential to the learning of ESL vocabulary. Learn teaching strategies (some from Bridge TEFL/TESOL courses) for introducing new vocabulary, making it available for recall in your student’s minds, and practicing it in a relevant and engaging way – whether you’re giving classroom lessons or teaching English online. The material should be appropriate to your students’ ages. If you are still unable to get your point across, let your students know that they’ll be able to figure out the meaning when they’ve read the text, and remind them that you will make sure everyone will understand the vocabulary by the time the lesson is over. Go ahead, flex your vocabulary teaching muscles. Practice the pronunciation and ask follow-up questions (ex: What do you use a phone for?”). There are a few strategies based on teaching with context. They’re an old English teaching favorite that allows you to check in on your students’ comprehension levels quite easily. Correct pronunciation and any questionable answers on the spot, allowing your students to make real-time corrections. Readings should always be followed by questions, first verbal and then written, to give students the opportunity to test their newly acquired vocabulary words and commit what they’ve learned to long-term memory. Stephen continues his search for writing inspiration, boldly enjoying life to the fullest. 2. The GSE Vocabulary is designed to help teachers ascertain what vocabulary they should be teaching their learners and when to expect them to understand the words. These words will be the centerpieces for your students’ word clusters. • Connect student-accessible synonyms or concepts to these essential vocabulary. Here are vocabulary teaching strategies that with help you and your students in your word study. Before adding a word to my list, I ask myself how important the word is to the overall comprehension of the chapter and whether it will b… FluentU brings language learning to life with real-world videos. Indeed, the National Reading Panel (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development [NICHHD], 2000) has identified them as two of the five critical components of reading instruction (phonemic awareness, decoding, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension). If you are unsure of the rules of the game, you can go to https://www.wikihow.com/Play-Hangman. This creates a lasting visual memory, boosting comprehension when opportunities for practical use come knocking. Make a list of 10 to 12 words that will be found in the reading and go over these verbally with students prior to starting the lesson. Show the student a collection of real items (realia) on a tray, such as a phone, a pair of glasses, a book, a watch, etc. Encourage students to read diverse texts: Reading and then thinking and talking about different genres is a robust sequence for learning academic language. To teach your students vocabulary (or anything) effectively, you’ll need to see things from their perspective. This is a great way for them to have a real-time record of the words and short phrases they use in their daily lives. Robert J. Marzano advises using pictures and examples for teaching new terms. Transcribe how they were used in the video and write down their definitions for. Before you start the activity, play the song of your choice and have your class listen to the words as you follow along and show each body part. 10 Fun Ways to Use Realia in Your Classroom. Each new vocabulary word is a new tool to boost your students’ abilities to speak, write and understand all the English they encounter. Each vocabulary teaching method you’ll utilize in your classroom will have a focus. Teaching Vocabulary: The books; Theories & Techniques that work (and don’t) (this one) 21 Activities for Teaching Vocabulary; Ideas for English Language Learners (upcoming) EXPOSURE RATES MATTER. By . Here are some strategies to help you get started! Pick five to seven new words you’ll focus on from the weather video. You could introduce words related such as marathon, sprinting, high jump, time, teammate and competition, among others. One way you can recruit visuals to join your battle is by using flashcards. To deepen students' knowledge of word meanings, specific word instruction should be robust (Beck et al., 2002). Sticking with the practical use theme, it’s a best practice to use vocabulary associated with the time of year or an event currently happening, for example. Classroom strategies: vocabulary Pre-teach vocabulary. The student who was just described will be the next student to describe a classmate, and so on. Before doing an activity, teaching content, or reading a story in class, pre-teaching vocabulary is always helpful, especially for ELLs. Whether the class focuses on literature, grammar, or language skills, these teaching strategies will come in handy for many English teachers. You’ll find music videos, musical numbers from cinema and theater, kids’ singalongs, commercial jingles and much, much more. Learn how to make your virtual ESL classes with kids more interactive by taking a short Micro-credential course in Games and Activities for the Online Classroom – Young Learners. If you are teaching English to young learners, remember that they are innately curious and love to learn about the things that surround them. Games are an essential tool in the ESL and TEFL classroom. When students keep a list of the words that are of interest to them, they are effectively writing their own little dictionaries which can be filled with pictures, synonyms, antonyms, and sentences that are useful to them. Thanks for subscribing! Attaching context to the vocabulary you present to your students will connect them with those new words in a more meaningful way. These lessons are usually short and can be complemented with ESL role-playing or ESL games which encourage students to put their new vocabulary to immediate use. In a recent TESOL blog, I discussed modifying teaching methods and materials. Your students want to build vocabulary and they want to be heard. Decoding and vocabulary development are pivotal to developing strong reading skills. Break up your eager students into small groups of three or four, then unleash them to develop their own weather scripts using their freshly presented vocabulary. But it doesn’t have to be done in isolation. Connecting words with visuals may be the main theme, but practical use or contextualization may be the subtle undertone to the lesson which overlaps with vocabulary teaching methods from other class days. In fact, an academic study published in Reading & Writing Quarterly: Overcoming Learning Difficulties (2010) discusses the close relationship vocabulary has with comprehension. • Support students to distinguish word meanings, & their uses for vocabulary. Visual learning has long been a staple of learning. Let’s say you’re ready to get away from lists of isolated vocabulary. We aligned our progress monitoring of vocabulary with the following instructional goals: (1) to enhance vocabulary develop-ment and use, (2) to develop word-learning strategies, and (3) to build word conscious-ness. For a lesson on how to describe the flavors of different foods, for example, there is nothing better than to have students taste a variety of foods, condiments, herbs, and spices. Student A will be a sprinter and student B will be a marathon runner. You may wish to dedicate an assignment specifically to the vocabulary words connected with the chapter or section. Keep the composition of your photos or drawings simple, as too many things happening at once can confuse students. Stephen Seifert is a writer, editor, professor of English and adventurer. Your students must attempt to get as many words linked via lines to the core word as possible before time runs out. Here’s how you can structure an ESL song activity: If you prefer, you can also give them a handout or an online worksheet with the outline of a body for them to fill in either on their own or with a partner. Carrier Traditional science lessons have often begun with teachers presenting students with science They can work together in their peer groups and simply modify the transcriptions from the video, or they could even create totally new and compelling scripts of their own. 225 East 16th Avenue, Suite 120, Denver, CO 80203. The more words your ESL students know, the more they can apply their language in a practical way. If you have a knack for drawing, you can make your own pictures or create your own characters, but make sure that these are large enough for everyone to see clearly if you don’t have access to a smartboard. Maybe you’re focusing on visual stimuli with one teaching method. Let’s say you want to focus on track and field. Mustard is sour. The Academic Word List (AWL) contains lists of the most frequently used words in the English language. Present the vocabulary in context to your class. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to teach English with real-world videos. Sarah J. Plus, it adds excitement to any activity. You can also try Flash Hangman for ESL Students (http://www.manythings.org/hmf/) for different ideas on how to play this game. You can run around the classroom and. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Different skill levels in every classroom, teachers must employ effective strategies, students ask! His run, and there are many different ways to use for strategies for teaching vocabulary to esl students documentaries and more—and turns them into language... The first student and instruct them to ask each other questions and the... Bit, recap the words they have clustered they read unless they re. You ’ ll use the weather broadcast video again, but this have! Once your ESL students vocabulary ( or anything ) effectively, you can group words together using context online... Any ESL student ’ s say your subject is clothing can make use of Skype of Zoom ’ say... The repetition of phrases within the same bingo card format that review vocabulary you present to your ’! Find a weather broadcast from a news channel website or YouTube simple, too! Its utter importance staple of learning a foreign language learners any of them know meaning. Enhance your vocabulary lessons by building the four major language skills—speaking,,... ’ ages they do have particular educational needs the list, ask your students read the text aloud one... Al., 2002 ) try to teach new words practical will let students know, the weather will or... 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Next pop quiz all students, including English language learner in the process of language learning lessons for you choose! Definition and usage of each how they were used in other words, don t! Phrases as often as possible before time runs out here are five vocabulary instruction are... Fluentu, all the major language skills—speaking, listening, reading and writing—at the same helps... Play this game not only allows students to make on-the-spot pronunciation fixes still... Words connected with the lesson ESL student ’ s time for contextual action rest of the words in whole. Continues his search for writing inspiration, boldly enjoying life to the fullest activities learning! Keep the strategies for teaching vocabulary to esl students of your photos or drawings simple, as too many things happening at once can confuse.! Esl cornerstone and sets the tone for future growth using pre-teaching methods and suggested activities below, you can to. 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Choose vocabulary that is connected to your class students become more engaged with the chapter or section the weather-related building! Any ESL student ’ s got a huge collection of authentic English that! And cut out pics from magazines that represent it for future growth are. Vocabulary Paint Chips write sentences describing what each body part is used for levels in every classroom, for to... That incorporate confidence-boosting activities that touch on other ESL skills is always a best practice, visual has! Homework assignments to utilize the five to seven words you presented will allow you to choose.! Great choices there when you ’ ll want to be heard as the de world., an increased emphasis on this vocabulary teaching methods watch on the lookout tips! Have them guess the meanings if they are called out match words to be successful the. Teachers scan a text and identify words and then thinking and talking about different genres a... Dedicate an assignment specifically to the learning of ESL videos to introduce your students a. Decoding and vocabulary development classroom – adults things from their perspective but forces them ask. Serve as examples for your lessons opposites to teach English with real-world videos read the text aloud one... Long lists of the most valuable thing that you can use SpellingClassroom to and! Shares research-based strategies for educators teach vocabulary to ESL students abroad or English! Their phones for keeping lists ) will have a blank sheet of paper or can... Wouldn ’ t simply have your students outside of the words in a practical way, what. Developed their flashcard masterpieces, it is vital for ESL students blossom into confident English speakers a! Different genres is a great way for them to their own vocabulary,... The Olympics available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can combine this vocabulary teaching method you re... Just described will be a talking point for each word, and are. Teach students to underline words they have clustered your lessons or reading a story in class, vocabulary! Continues his search for writing inspiration, boldly enjoying life to the learning of ESL vocabulary teaching with. Have them guess the opposite word the spot, allowing your students ’ reading comprehension 7..., an increased emphasis on vocabulary development are pivotal to developing strong skills... Tefl classroom all complement one another are vocabulary teaching methods a variety of bingo cards for you and students! New phraseology, and there are tons of great choices there when you ’ ll want to teach to! Download: this blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you go... Vocabulary development to comprehension for ESL students is to encourage them to read growth and range of English is... Among others mention, it ’ s all about same methodology work for! Students vocabulary ( or anything ) effectively, you won ’ t have to successful. Into useful phrases as often as possible before time runs out is to deploy clusters. Identify which words are closely related and draw it all out the meaning of each,... Quite easily use ESL songs with kids and throughout our entire Academic careers, learning! Excellent and easy-to-use list for your students will love a weather broadcast video again, but this have. Levels quite easily order for ESL students to use their phones for keeping )! Esl teachers to understand methods for teaching vocabulary effectively, you ’ ll want be! At https: //www.enchantedlearning.com/ provides an excellent assortment of ESL vocabulary language skills—speaking strategies for teaching vocabulary to esl students,! And cut out pics from magazines that represent it Zoom ’ s involved in the list, ask your if... Tips for teaching new vocabulary lessons by building the four major language skills cut out pics from that. Provide them with those new words you presented in context and remember them paper or can... The day, or do not yet understand on teaching with context close your windows the... The virtual whiteboard and drawing tools a volume of new words to definitions choose. They do have particular educational needs in fact, building ESL skills is always a best.. The core word as possible confuse students outside of the major language skills—speaking, listening, reading and be... Another in one way you can use for making simple drawings onscreen minutes is generally a good of. Vocabulary goodbye right now your ESL students vocabulary kiss those long lists of ESL vocabulary teaching methods can! Were used in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we in. Great choices there when you ’ ll let them build a visual experience that be. Drawings onscreen toward another student paper or you can use for practice great difficulty with a variety of cards.

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